Monday, November 15, 2010

Capelinhos Volcano - Portugal

Yes, we've volcanoes in Portugal, not in mainland though. This one is located in Azores.
I really like volcanoes but still didn't have this one. The card was sent by Lurdes.

"The Capelinhos is a monogenetic volcano located on the western coast of the island of Faial in the Azores. It is part of the larger Volcanic Complex of Capelo, that includes 20 escoria cones and lava fields that are aligned west-northwest to east-southeast from the Cabeço Gordo caldera.
A volcanic eruption lasted for 13 months, from September 27, 1957 until October 24, 1958, which may have been two overlapping volcanic eruptions. While enlarging the land by 2.4 km², it spawned 300 seismic events, hurled ash 1 km, destroyed 300 houses in the parishes of Capelo and Praia do Norte and caused the evacuation of 2,000 people (emigration to the US and Canada). On October 25, the volcano entered a period of dormancy. Although it is not considered potentially active, it is a part of an active fissural volcanic complex.
The volcano is a landmark on Faial; its ruined lighthouse and Visitors Center (which lies along the cliff from the volcano) is a tourist destination. Although the volcano is dangerous (due to its dormant state and relief), a trail network runs from the Visitors Center and lighthouse to the caldera summit. On September 27, 2007, commemorations marked the 50th anniversary of the eruption and its effects on the islands history and people (which was broadcast in Portugal and throughout the Azorean diaspora)." - in: wikipedia

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