Thursday, May 26, 2016

Nové Město nad Metují Castle - Czech Republic

Emerich is one of the 10.000 inhabitants in Nové Město nad Metují, a town in the Hradec Králové Region, north of the Czech Republic, a few miles from the Polish border. 
All of these cards of the castle were sent by him. 

 The castle of Nové Město nad Metují is a part the town historical preserve and is located in the west corner of the square. It was built together with the town itself, originally as a gothic style fort. Historical recourses say that the foundation stone of the town and the castle was laid on the 10th of August 1501 at 2 p.m., by Jan Černčický of Kácov, the owner of the estate.
After the town fire in 1526, Jan Černčicky sold the estate to the Pernstejns, who were important and wealthy noble family of the time. Following the then modern Renaissance concepts, they began with renovations of their new residence and the town itself. The estate was then sold to Protestant noble family from Styria – the Stubenberks. They completed the renaissance renovations of the town and the castle became a Renaissance chateau.  After the Estates Rebellion of 1620, in which the Stubenberks took the part of the anti-imperialist side, the Nové Město estate was confiscated by the emperor Ferdinand II. 

Foto: Ivan Rillich
The property and possesions were consequently given away by the Emperor as a reward for the assassination of the nobles. A Scottish noble, Walter of Leslie, a chief constable of Cheb at the time, later promoted to a field-marshal and a count of the empire, obtained the Nove Město estate. Under the reign of the House of Leslie, the Chateau received its most extensive renovations. The Baroque style structural changes and additions accomplished during this time remain to this day.

Foto: Lubomír Imlauf
After purchasing the Nové Město Estate in 1908, the Bartons embarked on an extensive renovation of the Chateau. The entire project was placed in the hands of unique Czechoslovak architects - Dusan Jurkovic and Pavel Janak. The chateau turned into a modern residence decorated by renowned Czech craftsmen, designers and artists of the early 20th century. While incorporating the modern styles such as Art-Noveau, Art-Deco, Cubism and Functionalism, their prime objective was the preservation and restoration of all historical elements of the entire structure. On top of that, the castle was equipped with many technical conveniences, i.e. water piping, central heating, electricity, telephones and a home and a dumbwaiter elevators. Thanks to all this the Nove Mesto Castle is a prime example of an unique historical monument adaptation. The Bartons owned the place until 1948. It was then put under state control and managed by the Czech state until 1991.
In 1992, Josef Marian Bartoň-Dobenín, restituted not only the castle but also the estates that used to belong to the family before 1948. In 2013, his son Joseph Michael Barton Dobenin, took over the family property and is the current owner of the castle as well as holding other posts in family business.
Since 1992, the castle is the property of the Bartoň-Dobenín family once again and is open to the public for tours and events. - in: http://www.zameknm.cz/en/castle-history.html

Pardubice - Czech Republic

Pardubice is a city in the Czech Republic. It is the capital city of the Pardubice Region and lies on the river Elbe, 96 kilometres east of Prague.
The 1st card was sent by Claire and the 2nd by Emerich.

Arnošt of Pardubice, the Velká Pardubická Steeplechase, the Golden Helmet, gingerbread – this is just a brief list of what Pardubice is famous for in the minds of people in the Czech Republic and the entire world. 
Pardubice lies on the point where the Labe and Chrudimka rivers meet and dates back to more than 700 years. 
The city experienced its greatest flourishing during the time, when the estate belonged to the noble family the Pernštejns, who gave the historical centre of Pardubice’s its appearance. 

© Ivan Rillich
The beginnings of the feudal residence on the site of the chateau go back to the end of the 13th century. It underwent numerous reconstructions. The most significant took place at the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th century under the rule of the lords of Pernštejn. The original castle was transformed into a palace. A new, massive fortress was built around it. Thus, a combination of a castle and chateau was created. No building of this type has been preserved to this extent in Central Europe. Highly valuable remains of early renaissance wall paintings, two soffit ceilings, plus valuable elements of architecture such as the entry portal. The Pernštejns sold the chateau and manor to the King in 1560. The last significant reconstructions date back to the 1570s. The original furnishings of the interior were not preserved. The chateau is now the residence of the Museum of East Bohemia in Pardubice and part of the area is also used by the Gallery of East Bohemia. - in: http://www.visitpardubice.com/

Sloup v Čechách - Czech Republic

Sloup v Čechách is a small village in the Liberec Region, north Bohemia. The village's attraction is the Sloup Rock Castle. 
This and the previous polish card, were sent by Emerich. 

© 2014, fotografie Ladislav Renner
The Sloup Rock Castle was built probably at the end of the 13th century by House of Ronovci on a lonely inaccessible sandstone rock massive. The castle, around 1420 seat of robber knight Mikeš Pancír of Smolno, was almost impregnable because on one side it was protected by a row of ponds along the rock massive. However, the castle was conquered in the 1445 and left desolate and finally was burned down in 1639 by the Swedish army.
From the medieval structures remain only those parts carved into the rock. In 1670-1785 the dilapidated castle became a place for hermits, who adjusted it to their needs. Emperor Joseph II abolished the hermitage in end of 18th century and the Kinský noble family reconstructed the castle into a romantic summer residence. - in: http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM8AR9_Skaln_hrad_Sloup_Sloup_Rock_Castle_Sloup_v_Cechch_North_Bohemia
Little has been preserved of the original structure on the elevated plateau, although the spaces sunk into the rock can be clearly seen today like the dungeon, well, hermitage, passage and the terraced walkways. In the former prison, dungeon carvings have been preserved, which were dug out of the walls by former prisoners. Sloup has now become a romantic place for outings and occasionally candlelit concerts and historical jousting matches are held. - in: wikipedia

Wednesday, May 25, 2016

Radom - Poland

Radom is a city in east-central Poland with 219,703 inhabitants. It is located 100 kilometres south of Poland's capital, Warsaw, on the Mleczna River.

Dariusz Krakowiak
The Bernardine church and monastery was founded by Casimir IV of Poland, built in the years 1468–1507.

Monday, May 23, 2016

Włocławek - Poland

Włocławek is a town in central Poland, situated on the rivers Vistula and Zgłowiączka, with a population of 113,939.
On this card sent by Emerich, is possible to see the st. Mary Assumption Cathedral and part of the Marschall Edward Rydz-Śmigły Bridge. 

Dariusz Krakowiak
The Gothic Cathedral under the name of the St. Mary Assumption was built in 1340-1411. It is one of the oldest and highest (86 m) churches in Poland. 

Gediminas Castle - Lithuania

I bought a few cards in Vilnius but I haven't seen any Gediminas Castle cards. Maybe Evelina saw that I didn't have any cards of the castle when decided to send me this one. Ačiū!

It is said that Gediminas Castle was built when the Duke of Lithuania Gediminas had a prophetic dream. This small but powerful castle withstood numerous Crusader attacks. Now Vilnius is unthinkable without it, and the tower of the castle became a symbol of not only the capital city, but also of Lithuania. And it is not surprising that this red-brick building overlooking the magnificent panorama of the capital city of Lithuania is a must in the list of many tourists coming to our country.

Photo: Laimonas Ciunys
Gediminas Castle was built and to date is one of the most beautiful Old Town embellishments. It is clearly visible from every place. Like Vilnius, the castle was first mentioned in 1323. By the way, during the reign of Gediminas, the Castle was not only a political centre of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, but also part of the defensive complex. On 1 January 1919, after the restoration of the state of Lithuania, the flag of Lithuania was officially raised for the first time on the Gediminas Castle Tower. - in: http://www.lithuania.travel/en-gb/attractions/gediminas-castle/17125

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Riga Dome Cathedral - Latvia

I've been to Riga last year in September. It was a short visit though but I really like the city's historical center. I know I'll visit the city again.
The 1st card, sent by Livija, was in my favorites and the 2nd is an official that I got 2 years ago.

Photo: Indrikis Stürmanis
The foundation stone of Riga Dome Cathedral was laid on July 25, 1211. The last large-scale restoration took place in the late 19th century when the cathedral acquired its present appearance. Today, Riga Dome Cathedral holds services and provide for rich cultural life — various concerts of popular artists take place here.
Riga Dome Cathedral has been one of the major venues for concerts in Riga for hundreds of years. Also today, official services and concerts feature various musical performances.
Riga Dome Cathedral was the central cathedral in the Baltics until Livonia fell to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1561. It has Romanesque, early Gothic, Baroque, and Art Nouveau features and is considered the largest Medieval church in Latvia and the Baltic States.
On July 25, 1211 during a ceremony, Bishop Albert laid the foundation stone. According to art historians, the building was initially envisaged as a basilica but later the design was changed and a hall church was built instead.

Photo: Indrikis Stürmanis
LV-160715, sent by Velga.
At the beginning of the 15th century, the cathedral was enlarged by building the western cross-nave and side chapels and elevating the side walls of the central nave thus making the church into a basilica. Riga Dome Cathedral tower was the highest spire in Riga at that time. The cathedral kept its appearance up to 1547, when on a Sunday before Pentecost, a great fire broke out in the inner city and the Gothic spire of the cathedral burned down. A new tower with a pyramidal spire and two galleries were built by 1595. The Cathedral cockerel dating back to that time can still be seen in the inner courtyard of the cathedral.
From 1881 to 1914, Riga Cathedral Building Section of Riga Society of Researchers of History and Ancient Times carried out major reconstruction and renovation for its present-day appearance. - in: http://www.liveriga.com/en/1158-riga-dome-cathedral