Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Capelinhos Volcano - Portugal

In 2016 I traveled to the Azores archipelago and on my flight back to Lisbon I had a layover on Fail Island. I stayed there for a couple of hours and felt tempted to visit the Capelinhos Volcano. I'm sure I'd love to go there but I was afraid a couple hours wouldn't be enough to visit the place, I know I always take too much time taking pictures, and I couldn't risk missing the flight to Lisbon. I know I'll visit it sooner or later.
These cards were sent by Emerich and Lurdes. 

Inserted on the Capelo volcanic complex, on the Ponta dos Capelinhos, this was the last volcano with eruption, in 1957, which consequences are still visible, being one of them the increasing of the own territory in about 2,50km2, with the lava solidification that got above the sea level,
This landscape is different from all the rest of the Island and of the Archipelago: this is a strange arid and volcanic beauty which demonstrates the great power of nature.

This Volcano was unique in the world of the Volcano Sciences, as it was photographed, observed, studied and interpreted since its very beginning until its inactivity. The volcano maintained its activity for 13 months, starting on the 27th September 1957 and extinguishing only on the 24th October 1958, in what is supposed to have been a superposing of two distinct eruptions, occurring more than 200 earthquakes before the volcano started its erupting.

Fotografia © Maurício Abreu
This fact caused great harm for the Island’s development, leading to mass emigration in this and the thereafter periods, mainly in the Capelo and Praia do Norte regions, where agricultural and pasture fields and residences were destroyed. The majority of population emigrated mostly for the United States of America, due to a refugee cooperation protocol.

From the Capelinhos Lighthouse, where the volcanic eruption started, one has an excellent panorama over all the volcano extension and its rare beauty. Here stands nowadays the Interpretation Centre that better explains this phenomenon and its history, housing a wide room that symbolises a volcanic eruption, as well as other amenities with permanent and temporary exhibitions about volcanism, and also an auditorium with a capacity for 60 people.
The volcano climbing is one of the most astonishing and unique tours in the Faial Island, presenting nevertheless some dangers and difficulties, hence there are some predefined itineraries and also official guide service." - in
: http://www.getportugal.com/portugal/poi/18842/47/vulcao-dos-capelinhos

PT RR - Group 139 * Surprise October

I'm only posting 3 cards from this group but I've actually received 4 cards in October. Luzia sent me a card from the 150 years of cards in São Paulo, Brazil. These were sent by Paulo, RFS and Joana. 

This year I was lucky enough to visit 2 places on my must visit list, Tallin and Cinque Terre. Lake Bled, in Slovenia, is now on the top of that list. Hope I can make it there soon. 

Foto: Cristina Duarte
When I got this card I told RFS it was my 1st from Mourão but I was wrong, this is my 2nd from this town in Alentejo region. 
The Church of Mercy dating from the 19th century. XVII, was founded in the reign of John III by the Brotherhood of Mercy of Mourão.

Joana visited Albi a few weeks ago and I've also been there the last time I traveled to France, 2013, I think. Beautiful city and impressive cathedral. 
In the Tarn Department in southwestern France, the city of Albi’s calling card is its architecture made from red brick. This material seems to change colour depending on the light or time of day and permeates the six quarters of Albi’s sizeable historic centre. The red-brick showpiece is the Episcopal City, a fortified cathedral complex steeped in medieval history. - in: https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-things-albi-france/

PT RR - Group 138 * Surprise September

After a 2 months break, the surprise group of the portuguese RR returned in September. Although I always join with 4 cards, that month I only received 3, one of them got lost. 

verlag johannes oefner
Óscar saw that I already have many cards from Speyer, especially with the cathedral, so he sent me this one with the Jewish Baths. 
Between 1084 and 1349, a rich Jewish community life unfolded in Speyer. Stone witnesses to this past are the ruins of the synagogue and the ritual bath. 
The Jewish ritual bath, a so-called mikveh, was first mentioned in 1126 and has remained almost completely unaltered through the centuries. This is the oldest installation of its kind in central Europe. 
A barrel-vaulted staircase leads through a vestibule to a quadratic bathing shaft located 32 feet below ground. Here the Jews undertook the religious cleansing proscribed by Mosaic law by immersing themselves in cold “natural” water.
The mikveh is decorated with rich Romanesque ornamentation that was coloured in the Middle Ages. A two-part window opens the view into the bathing shaft.
The installation is now covered by a glass structure in order to protect it. - in: https://www.speyer.de

© Fernando Mascarenhas
You know you're addicted to postcards when you go to a wedding and ended up buying postcards. This is basically what happened to Ana. She went to a wedding in a church next to the Fronteira Palace and had the opportunity to buy some cards.
This palace is still inhabited by the descendants of the noblemen who inaugurated it in 1675. The interior is therefore only accessible on a guided tour, but it’s also possible to visit just the magnificent garden. You’re taken through the library, the chapel and several rooms covered with historical Portuguese and Dutch tiles, including panels illustrating the Portuguese Restoration War. 
The garden is another gallery of tiled art, with one of the world’s richest collections. It also shows the busts of all Portuguese kings up to the 1800s. Almost everything has great symbolism, with fountains and statues recalling the arts and mythology. Pieces of Ming porcelain used to serve the king during the palace’s inauguration, which, following tradition, couldn’t be used a second time, now ornament a fountain. - in: https://www.lisbonlux.com

Câmara Municipal de Viana do Alentejo
I've wanted to go to Viana do Alentejo a few times because of the beautiful church of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Aires.
The Baroque sanctuary was built between 1743 and 1804, based on a project by Father João Baptista, in the spot where there was an earlier 16th century hermitage. On the cover, a Latin inscription recounts that after the Moors were expelled from these lands a farmer ploughed the field and found the image seen at the altar inside a clay pot. The building has a Latin cross floor-plan, consisting of a single nave, with vaulted ceiling. Inside is a carved rococo altar.
Also part of the sanctuary is the fountain of Our Lady of Aires, located on the Terreiro dos Peregrinos and houses of the pilgrims. - in: https://www.visitportugal.com/en
This card was sent by Paulo. 

Monday, November 11, 2019

Portugal x World RR - Group S31 * Castles

If money wasn't an issue, I'd definitely join more RR's, especially groups dedicated to castles. There's something magical about castles. These are from England, Poland and Germany. 

When I saw that someone from the USA was in this group I thought "what kind of castle will someone from USA send me?". Well, Kristin didn't send me an American castle card, Rochester Castle is located in England. 
Rochester Castle is known as one of the preserved and finest examples of Norman architecture in England. 
It was constructed by the Bishop of Rochester in around 1090 in the angle of the Roman town wall. The four-squared towers were added by Archbishop William de Corbell in 1127. 
Rochester Castle was fortified against the King John and soon became a stronghold and headquarters for the rebels.
King John lay siege to the castle in 1215 and took it after two long months. He finally undermined the south east tower and burned the props with the "fat of forty pigs" causing the tower to collapse. The city was well placed for raids on London and it also enabled them to devastate the lands of Kent, particularly those belonging to Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, who had crowned Rufus and was therefore Odo's and the rebels' enemy.
By the 17th century, the castle had become neglected, the keep had been burned out, and the site was being used as a local quarry for building materials. In 1870 the castle grounds were leased to the City of Rochester, who turned them into a public park and eventually, in the 20th century, responsibility for this imposing old structure was taken over by English Heritage.
Today, the castle stands as a proud reminder of the history surrounding the old town of Rochester, along with the cathedral, the cobbled streets and the Dickensian reflections. - in: http://www.bbc.co.uk/kent/discover_kent/castles_houses/rochester.shtml

fot: Dariusz Krokowiak
Martin brought me back some nice memories of my trip to Poland in 2012 with this card of Olsztyn castle. My friends and I visited this castle on our way from Krakow to Warsaw. That day we also visited the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa. 
The castle, located on a hill, among limestone rocks, is part of the Trail of the Eagles' Nests. It belonged to a system of fortifications, built by King Casimir III the Great, to protect western Lesser Poland from Czechs, to whom Silesia belonged at that time. For some time, as a fee, it belonged to Prince Władysław Opolczyk.
Taken away from him in 1396, the castle was then handed by King Władysław II Jagiełło to a local nobleman, Jan Odrowąż of Szczekociny. The castle was invaded several times by Silesian princes in the 15th-century, and with the advancement of warfare, its fortifications became obsolete. In 1655, it was captured by the Swedes, and since then, it became a ruin. In 1722, it was partly demolished, with bricks used to build a parish church at Olsztyn. Currently, only fragments of defensive walls remain. The most impressive still standing part of the castle is a 35-metre round tower, built in the 13th-century, which served as a prison. - in: wikipedia

Foto - Gestaltung * Matthias Kunz
A new castle from Germany sent by Uwe. 
Medieval Kriebstein Castle, mentioned for the first time in the 14th century, is situated in Middle Saxony, right at the center of the triangle between the cities of Dresden-Chemnitz-Leipzig and is a popular destination.
Saxony’s most beautiful knight’s castle, a closed, fully preserved and completely reconstructed building complex from late-Gothic times, rises on a steep rock towering over the Zschopau River. . in: https://www.burg-kriebstein.eu/en/kriebstein-castle/

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Monthly Fav. Surprise RR * September ´19

Today my postman came twice!! That is something out of normal. Usually he comes around 10 but today he also came in the afternoon. I saw the mail car leaving my street and checked my mailbox just in case... and found one card, a card from this RR. 

In September the sur+rise cards arrived from Germany, Scotland, USA and Belarus. 

The beaultiful St. Elizabeth Church in the 4 seasons. My favorite view is the winter snowy view. Nice card sent by Birgit. 
The Russian Orthodox Church of Saint Elizabeth was built on the Neroberg from 1847 to 1855 by Duke Adolf of Nassau on the occasion of the early death of his wife Elizabeth Mikhailovna, who died in childbirth. The architect was Philipp Hoffmann. - in: wikipedia

© copyright www.allanwrightphoto.com
Sabine keeps sending me great Scotish castle cards and I really appreciate that. 
St Andrew's Castle is a ruin located in the coastal Royal Burgh of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland. The castle sits on a rocky promontory overlooking a small beach called Castle Sands and the adjoining North Sea. There has been a castle standing at the site since the times of Bishop Roger (1189-1202), son of the Earl of Leicester. It housed the burgh’s wealthy and powerful bishops while St Andrews served as the ecclesiastical centre of Scotland during the years before the Protestant Reformation. 
The castle's grounds are now maintained by Historic Environment Scotland as a scheduled monument. - in: wikipedia

The North Bridge, often colloquially called the Old North Bridge, is a historical site in the Battle of Concord, the first day of battle in the American War of Independence. The current wooden pedestrian bridge is a replica of the one that stood at the day of the battle. It and nearby sites are now part of the Minute Man National Historical Park of the National Park Service, an extremely popular tourist destination. - in: wikipedia
This historical card was sent by Jennifer.

I think this is the 1st time I received an animal card from this RR, a great one byt the way. I really like this Fauna of Belarus collection. Thanks to Natalia. 
The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a type of deer from the family Cervidae. The animal originally lived in Eurasia, but people have brought it to other parts of the world like Australia.
The male is called a buck, the female is a doe, and the young a fawn. They live for about 12–16 years. All of the Fallow Deer have white spots on their backs, and black tips at the ends of their tails. Only bucks have antlers, which are wide and shaped like a shovel.
They are grazing animals. They like to live in an area that is mixed woodland and open grassland. They try to stay together in groups of up to 150. - in: wikipedia

Monday, November 4, 2019

150 Years Meetings

According to the 150 years of postcards page, were held 58 meetings to celebrate the anniversary of cards. Wow, I had no idea they were so many. These cards are from meetings in Canada and Brazil. 

Postcard design: Flora Y. * Postcrossing logo is a registered trademark
This meeting in Toronto was a small one, only 4 but very entusiastic postcrossers. The card was, like every card I get from meetings in Toronto, sent by Marie. 

Postcard design: Valéria Formigoni & Luzia. * Postcrossing logo is a registered trademark
A few days after the meeting in Toronto and on the same day of the portuguese meeting in Mafra, some brazilian postcrossers got together in the Cultura Bookstore in São Paulo. This meeting had the participation of Mr. José Carlos Daltozo, who wrote a reference book about the history of picture postcards in Brazil.
This card was designed and sent by Valéria and Luzia. 

150 years of postcards

Last month was a month of celebration for those who like postcards. On the 1st of October postcards celebrated its 150th anniversary greeting cards and this occasion had special attention from the postcrossers. To celebrate this unique anniversary, several meetings, exhibitions and lecture were held all over the world, were creates postcards and special cancellations marks... so many initiatives to celebrate those pieces of paper that offer us so much joy.
Cards!! These were sent by Paula, Vanesa and Maria do Céu.

How and when did it all start? On the 150 years of cards  page, we can find some relevant dates to the history of the postcard.

Tracing back the origins of the picture postcard is difficult because postcards were not simply invented — instead, they evolved. Their history is inevitably linked with the development of the postal service, but also features innovations in printing and photography (...).

In Austria-Hungary, Dr. Emanuel Herrmann (a professor of Economics from Vienna) wrote an article in the Neue Freie Presse pointing out that the time and effort involved in writing a letter was out of proportion to the size of the message sent. He suggested that a more practical and cheaper method should be implemented for shorter, more efficient communications. 

concept by postcardbazaar © 2019
His recommendations impressed the Austrian Post, who put them to practice on October 1st 1869, resulting in the Correspondenz-Karte, a light-brown 8.5x12cm rectangle with space for the address on the front, and room for a short message on the back. The postcard featured an imprinted 2 Kreuzer stamp on top right corner, costing half the price of a normal letter.
The postcard was born!