Sunday, July 14, 2019

Dresden - Germany

I want to visit many, many cities in Germany, Dresden is definitely one of them. 
The 1st of these cards was from a friend, the 2nd and the 4th are officials and the other one was sent by Sandra.

Before World War II, Dresden was called “the Florence of the Elbe” and was regarded as one the world’s most beautiful cities for its architecture and museums. 
At the end of the war, Dresden was so badly damaged that the city was basically leveled. A handful of historic buildings–the Zwinger Palace, the Dresden State Opera House and several fine churches–were carefully reconstructed out of the rubble, but the rest of the city was rebuilt with plain modern buildings. - in: http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-dresden

 In the last months of World War II, Allied bombers from the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Force conducted several major bombing raids on the eastern German city of Dresden. Beginning on the night of February 13, 1945, more than 1,200 heavy bombers dropped nearly 4,000 tons of high-explosive and incendiary bombs on the city in four successive raids. An estimated 25,000 people were killed in the bombings and the firestorm that raged afterward. More than 75,000 dwellings were destroyed, along with unique monuments of Baroque architecture in the historic city center. - in: http://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2015/02/remembering-dresden-70-years-after-the-firebombing/385445/

DE-8360341, sent by Heiko.
On the left bank of the Elbe is Dresden's historical centre with buildings from the Renaissance, the Baroque and the 19th century. Despite being devastated in the Second World War, the Altstadt (Old Town) has kept or regained its attractive buildings.

Photo: F. Ihlow, H. Voigt, F. Exss, Verlag
The most well-known symbol of the rebuilding of the city centre is Dresden Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady), the magnificent domed Baroque church which again dominates the Dresden skyline. After the Second World War, Neumarkt square and the symbolic ruins of the Frauenkirche remained almost untouched for half a century before also coming up for construction.

© Schöning GmbH & Co. KG
DE-5174131, sent by Manuela.
The Altstadt is the centre of city life: it is home to the city hall, the Saxon state parliament and important cultural institutions from the Old Masters Picture Gallery, Semper Opera House and the State Theatre to the Green Vault. Between Altmarkt and Neumarkt squares, Prager Strasse and Postplatz you will find plenty of places to shop, eat and drink. - in: https://www.dresden.de/en/tourism/attractions/sights/old-town.php

Friday, July 12, 2019

Art Nouveau - Riga

When I visited Riga I already knew that the city was known for its many exemples of Art Nouveau architecture, however I didn't have time to visit the downtown quarter known as the "quiet centre" - just a 10-minute stroll from Old Town, where many Art Nouveau buildings are located. 
Art Nouveau in Riga makes up 40% of downtown Riga, making Latvia's capital the city with the highest concentration of Art Nouveau architecture anywhere in the world.
Damien went on a mega road all the way from Limoges, France and one of hist stops was the beautiful Latvian capital city.

Art Nouveau, the distinct style in art of end-19th century and early-20th, was the "father" of modern architecture. Riga is a well-known Art Nouveau mecca.

Photo: Jänis Knäkis
As the population of Riga swelled, so did the demand for new apartment houses. Thus, over 100 high-rise stone and brick buildings went up, creating the city's distinct look. Eclecticism, the predominant style since end-19th century, was gone by 1904, making way for Nouveau. 
Alberta Street (where the building on the card is located) is regarded as Riga’s Art Nouveau gem, since it is full of splendid historical Art Nouveau-style buildings from one end to the other. The area was erected in a short period of time – from 1901 to 1908, each of the buildings standing alone as an inimitable 20th century architectural achievement. Eight buildings are now recognised as architectural monuments of national significance. - in: https://www.liveriga.com/en/2492-alberta-street

St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - Estonia

I've a lot of places that I want to visit, the list is quite long and for many years Tallinn was on the top of that list. If someone asked me about a city I'd like to visit, Tallinn would always be my answer. I finally visited it last month, actually, I was there one month ago and loving every minute in this lovely city. I'll definitely come back one day, a snowy day!! 
Hint! If you want to buy stamps and send cards from there, there's a post office on the left side of the St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, that's where I bought my stamps and I think you can guess which one of these cards I've sent to my mailbox. Yes, the snowy view.  The other card was sent by Rita. 

Foto: http://pilvepiksel.ee
This spectacular, onion-domed structure perched atop Toompea Hill is Estonia's main Russian Orthodox cathedral.
It's also by far the grandest, most opulent Orthodox church in Tallinn.
Built in 1900, when Estonia was part of the tsarist Russian empire, the cathedral was originally intended as a symbol of the empire's dominance – both religious and political – over this increasingly unruly Baltic territory.
The cathedral was dedicated to the Prince of Novgorod, Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky, who led the famous Battle of the Ice at Lake Peipsi in 1242, which halted the German crusaders' eastward advance. It was deliberately placed in this prominent location right in front of Toompea Castle, on the same spot where a statue of Martin Luther had previously stood, to show the mainly Lutheran locals who was in charge.

Now with the controversy long since faded, what's left is simply an architectural masterpiece. Designed by respected St. Petersburg architect Mikhail Preobrazhenski, the church is richly decorated in a mixed historicist style. The interior, filled with mosaics and icons, is well worth a visit.
The church's towers' hold Tallinn's most powerful church bell ensemble, consisting of 11 bells, including the largest in Tallinn, weighing 15 tonnes. You can hear the entire ensemble playing before each service. - in: https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-307/st-alexander-nevsky-cathedral

Monday, July 8, 2019

Konya - Turkey

Third and last card sent by Muanmer. Konya is also on the UNESCO Tentative List. 
Konya is a major city in south western edge of the Central Anantolian Plateau and is the 7th most populous city in Turkey. 

PTT
The Mevlâna Museum is the mausoleum of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, a Persian Sufi mystic also known as Mevlâna or Rumi. It was also the dervish lodge (tekke) of the Mevlevi order, better known as the whirling dervishes.
Sultan 'Ala' al-Din Kayqubad, the Seljuk sultan who had invited Mevlâna to Konya, offered his rose garden as a fitting place to bury Rumi's father, Baha' ud-Din Walad (also written as Bahaeddin Veled), when he died on 12 January 1231. When Mevlâna died on 17 December 1273 he was buried next to his father.
Mevlâna's successor Hüsamettin Çelebi decided to build a mausoleum (Kubbe-i-Hadra) over the grave of his master. The Seljuk construction, under architect Badr al-Din Tabrizi, was finished in 1274. Gürcü Hatun, the wife of the Seljuk Emir Suleyman Pervane, and Emir Alameddin Kayser funded the construction. The cylindrical drum of the dome originally rested on four pillars. The conical dome is covered with turquoise faience.
The decree of 6 April 1926 confirmed that the mausoleum and the dervish lodge (Dergah) were to be turned into a museum. The museum opened on 2 March 1927. In 1954 it was renamed as "Mevlâna Museum". - in: wikipedia

Sunday, July 7, 2019

Aspendos - Turkey

The ancient city of Aspendos, approximately 50 kilometers east of Antalya, is one of the big-hitter historic attractions in Turkey's Turquoise Coast region. The local theater is of the Roman Empire's greatest remaining pieces of architecture. 
The Theatre and Aqueducts of this ancient city are on the UNESCO Tentative List. 

www.guneykartpostal.com
Aspendos' theater is one of the largest ever built by the Romans in Asia Minor, and today it is one of the best preserved examples of Roman theater architecture. Located in the lower town area of the site, the theater was built in the 2nd century AD during Marcus Aurelius' reign.
The mammoth seating plan could fit an audience of between 15,000 and 20,000. It has been thoroughly restored and is now used for music and drama festivals, including Turkey's famous annual Aspendos Opera Festival.
The semi-circular auditorium, divided into two sections by a broad passage halfway up, has 20 tiers of seating, with 10 staircases in the lower half and 19 tiers with 21 staircases in the upper part. Round the top runs a barrel-vaulted colonnade.
At either end of the stage are vaulted passages giving access to the orchestra. The two-story stage wall was articulated by slender double columns with Ionic capitals on the lower order and Corinthian capitals on the upper one. The double column flanking the central entrance to the stage had a common broken pediment. The stage itself had a wooden roof suspended by ropes, and the auditorium, too, was probably covered by an awning. - in: https://www.planetware.com/antalya/aspendos-tr-ant-sda.htm

Diyarbakır Fortress - Turkey

Since the last day of June, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee has been discussing the inscription of new sites. This morning Portugal received wonderful news from Baku. Our 2 candidates were inscribed ツ The Royal Building of Mafra – Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada) and Sanctuary of Bom Jesus in Braga are now on the UNESCO WHS list. 

In 2015 Turkey had Diyarbakir Fortress inscribed. I got this card thanks to Muanmer.

Foto: Mehmet Masun Süer
Located on an escarpment of the Upper Tigris River Basin that is part of the so-called Fertile Crescent, the fortified city of Diyarbakır and the landscape around has been an important centre since the Hellenistic period, through the Roman, Sassanid, Byzantine, Islamic and Ottoman times to the present. The site encompasses the Inner castle, known as İçkale and including the Amida Mound, and the 5.8 km-long city walls of Diyarbakır with their numerous towers, gates, buttresses, and 63 inscriptions. The site also includes the Hevsel Gardens, a green link between the city and the Tigris that supplied the city with food and water, the Anzele water source and the Ten-Eyed Bridge. - in: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488

Wednesday, July 3, 2019

BG-130753

Postcrossers like to travel and like to send postcards while traveling. Thanks to the travel mode option it is now possible to send official postcards with the ID of the country / countries you're visiting. That's what Frederick did. In May he left Germany and traveled to Bulgaria, where he got my address.
Last month I've also sent 4 postcards on travel mode. I've send cards with Swedish, Finnish, Estonian and Dutch ID's. The Estonian cards wasn't not registered yet.

© Larus Ltd
BG-130753, sent by Frederick.
Kranevo (Bulgarian: Кранево) is a coastal village on the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
The vast beach, clean sea, gently sloping sea bottom and curative mineral water have propelled the swift growth of the village into a competitive tourist destination.

Trier's Cathedral - Germany

Raquel is probably one of the postcrossers who sent me more postcards from PC meetings. These two were sent by her. The 1st in May 2016 and the 2nd a few days ago.

The High Cathedral of Saint Peter is the largest church structure in Trier. In 1986 it was listed as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Foto: RV-Archiv S.
Trier Cathedral, the oldest bishop’s church in Germany, stands today in Trier’s center above a former palace from the era of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. The palace complex was supplanted in the 4th century by the largest Christian church complex from ancient times. It consisted of four basilicas joined by a large baptistry; the complex covered an area extending to the present Main Market. Tours under the building of the Cathedral Information show the remains of the first Early Christian assembly room north of the Alps from the late 3rd century and the remains of the first basilica.

Poster XXL
Today's Cathedral still contains a Roman central section with the original walls rising up to a height of 26 m (86 ft). The huge fragment of a granite column next to the entrance to the Cathedral is another indication of the Roman origin of the building. After destructions in the 5th and 9th centuries, the remaining nucleus was enlarged by Romanesque additions - today, the Cathedral, with its three crypts, its cloister, Cathedral Treasury, and Holy Robe Chapel, displays architecture and artwork from more than 1650 years. - in: http://www.trier-info.de/english/cathedral-info

Bremen - Germany

Bremen is one more German city that I would like to visit, the fact that it is a UNESCO site highly contributes to put it on my long list of places to visit in Germany. Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace have been on the World Heritage list since 2004


Photo by Okon
DE-1187261, sent by Piet.
The Marktplatz (Market square) is dominated by the opulent façade of the Town Hall of Bremen.
The old town hall was built in the Gothic style in the early 15th century, after Bremen joined the Hanseatic League. The building was renovated in the so-called Weser Renaissance style in the early 17th century. A new town hall was built next to the old one in the early 20th century as part of an ensemble that survived bombardment during the Second World War. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1087

Set between the town hall and the State Parliament, the cathedral completes the ensemble of historical buildings on Bremen's market square.
Protestant/Lutheran church with a history spanning more than 1,200 years. It was built in Early-Gothic style in the first half of the 13th century. The oldest sections are the crypts. 

Foto: Torsten Krüger
DE-8247206, sent by Tatjana.
There are Roland statues in many German towns and cities, symbolising freedom and market rights. Bremen's Roland statue is one of the most beautiful, the largest and, according to UNESCO experts, the most representative and one of the oldest examples. 
Measuring five and a half metres (with a baldachin bringing the total height up to just over ten metres), the stone giant was erected in 1404, after its wooden predecessor was destroyed by the archbishop's soldiers in 1366. The distance between its knees is exactly one Bremen 'elle', a historical unit of measurement. From the outset, the statue symbolised the freedom and independence of the city. - in: https://www.bremen.eu/tourism/attractions/roland-statue

Sunday, June 30, 2019

DE-8235695

The Swabian Jura, sometimes also named Swabian Alps in English, is a mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending 220 km (140 mi) from southwest to northeast and 40 to 70 km (25 to 43 mi) in width. It is named after the region of Swabia. - in: wikipedia

© Verlag Hans-Jürgen Daubner
DE-8235695, sent by Andrea.
This region's hallmarks are its gleaming white rock formations, mighty castles and magnificent palaces of notable dynasties, juniper scrubs where shepherds tend their flocks, delightful dry valleys, crystal-clear springs and subterranean wonderlands of dripstone caves, crater lakes, religious buildings in Romanesque or Gothic style and idyllic villages full of half-timbered houses. - inhttps://www.germany.travel/en/leisure-and-recreation/scenic-routes/swabian-alb-route.html
On the card we can see some attractions of this region. Beuron; Lichtenstein Castle; Sigmaringen Castle; Blaubeuren; Uracher Waterfall; Hohenzollern Castle; Donautal; Winsener Höhle, a water cave; Blautopf; Bad Urach and Bärenhöhle. 

FR-1134691 & FR-1175148

I don't get official cards from France that often, is always nice to find them in my mailbox. These two are from L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue and Côte d'Opale. 

FR-1134691, sent by Fabienne.
This is one of the several water wheels in the L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, a town in the Sorgue river in southeastern France.

Photos © Christophe Potigny; © Fotolia; © agefotostock.com; © Photos TIERNY
FR-1175148, sent by Fleur.
The Côte d'Opale is a French coastal region bordering Belgium, situated opposite the cliffs of the south-east of England, facing the English Channel and the North Sea. It ccontains varied landscapes like beaches, dunes, swamps, estuaries or cliffs. 

Cazorla - Spain

A few weeks ago Celina went to Andaluzia in Spain to hike in the Sierra de Cazorla. Cazorla, where this card is from, is the entry point and base for visits to the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park, a vast protected area of magnificent river gorges and forests.

La Yedra Castle, also known as Las Cuatro Esquinas Castle (Four Corners Castle), was built by Christians during the 13th and 14th centuries and during the papacy of don Pedro Tenorio.
Still higher up on the rocky escarpment lie the ruins of still yet another ruined fortress.

Friday, June 28, 2019

PT RR - Group 136 * Surprise May

May's cards from the portuguese RR.

 © Uitg. Thill, N. V., Brussel
I've visited Brugge once and loved it ❤️ when people ask me what is the most beautiful place or places I've been to, Brugge is always one of my answers. 
This beautiful building in Burg Square is the Old Civil Registry, built between 1534 and 1537. It is a fascinating specimen of the Flemish Medieval architecture. 
The card was sent by Ana.

 ©Edit. Thill, S. A., Bruxelles
Rui also sent a belgian card. I didn't get to visit the Basilica of the Sacred Heart when I visited Brussels. 
Located in the outskirts of Brussels, in the neighbourhood of Koekelberg, the Basilica of the Sacred Heart (Sacré-Coeur Basilica) is an architectural masterpiece from the twentieth century.
The church was established to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Belgian independence. King Leopold II lay down the first stone in 1905, but the temple was completed many years later in 1971 due to construction being stopped during World War I and World War II.
The first thing visitors will spot is its enormous green-coloured dome contrasting with the red coloured terracotta stones of the church. The interior is vast and from inside too, visitors find themselves immediately drawn to its beautiful dome. - inhttps://www.introducingbrussels.com/basilica-of-the-sacred-heart?_ga=2.128225737.49772065.1561578969-1627593971.1558130557

Forways Lda
The Sanctuary of Fátima annually welcomes hundred of thousands of pilgrims and tourists. Many come to participate in the celebrations that commemorate the apparitions of Our Lady to the three witness of Fátima. May is the month of the biggest pilgrimage. According to the sanctuary this year there were about 30 to 35 thousand pilgrims who went to Fátima on foot and 191 groups of pilgrims from 40 countries participated in the celebrations.
This card was sent by Liliana.

Oswaldo Santos * Papyrus
Paulo was trying to choose a card to send me but only at the 3rd try he could find one I still didn't have. Alandroal is a municipality in the Portuguese district of Évora located on the eastern frontier with Spain along the right margin of the Guadiana River in the Central Alentejo region.

Monday, June 24, 2019

Monthly Fav. Surprise RR - June '19

Rainy days are perfect to stay home writing letters, cards and updating blogs. This morning I "travelled" from South Africa to South America and now I'm back to Europe with the cards I got this month in the MFS RR. The cards are from England, Finland, Germany and France.

This isn't my kind of card but Cláudia only realized that after writing and stamping it. I don't completely dislike drawing, illustrations or paintings, I just don't collected them. 

Photo: Taneli Eskola 2010
I absolutely love this card, maybe because this view is still very vivid in my mind. Exactly 2 weeks ago I was in Helsinki. 
If you arrived in Helsinki by ferry from Tallinn or Stockholm bt ferry or from any other part of the world by cruise ship, you'll get to see this nice view. 
Kiitos Heli.

Foto: © D. Radke
New palaces are always very appreciated. Ludwigslust Palace is located in Ludwigslust in northern Germany. The card was sent by Gabi.
The splendid Baroque Ludwigslust Palace, situated in an extensive park with avenues, cascades, canals and water jumps, is considered the "Versailles of the north". Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg- Schwerin had it built between 1772 and 1776 according to plans by court architect Johann Joachim Busch as the centre of Ludwigslust's Late Baroque urban complex. Until 1945 the palace was inhabited by the dukes. As a result, the historically evolved atmosphere was preserved. In March 2016 the east wing of the palace was ceremonially reopened after extensive restoration work. - in: https://www.off-to-mv.com/en/destinations/a-schloss-ludwigslust

Photo by L. Villoing
This card was sent by Désirée from the Netherlands but the palace on it is one of the most famous in France. 
The Palace of Fontainebleau, located 55 kilometres (34 miles) southeast of the center of Paris, in the commune of Fontainebleau, is one of the largest French royal châteaux. The medieval castle and subsequent palace served as a residence for the French monarchs from Louis VII to Napoleon III. Francis I and Napoleon were the monarchs who had the most influence on the Palace as it stands today. It is now a national museum and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. - in: wikipedia

São Paulo's Cathedral - Brazil

I believe these are all my cards from São Paulo's Cathedral. The 1st card was sent by José, two are officials and the other two were sent by Márcio, a former penpal.
I've been to São Paulo in 2016 and I had the opportunity to visit this cathedral. 

Mundial Com. de Postais Lda.
The São Paulo Cathedral is a cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Paulo, Brazil. It is the largest cathedral in South America.
The Cathedral is located in the city center of São Paulo, just off of the main square of the city, Praça da Sé.
It is the city’s main cathedral, that can hold up to 8,000 people making it the largest church in São Paulo. The São Paulo Metropolitan Cathedral is 111 meters long by 46 meters wide and has two towers with a height of 92 meters and also a dome that reaches over 30 meters.

Foto: Sérgio O. Rehder
BR-358683, sent by Ana.
The cathedral was designed by German Maximilian Emil Hehl and is neo-gothic structure, with a Renaissance-styled dome,
inspired by the Renaissance dome of the Cathedral of Florence. The construction of the cathedral began in 1913 on the site of the demolished colonial cathedral.
However, due to the world wars, the work proceeded slowly and the inauguration of the new Cathedral happened in 1954, with the unfinished towers, but in time for the celebration of Sao Paulo’s 400th anniversary. The towers were eventually completed in 1967. 

Over 800 tons of rare marble were used to construct the Catedral da Se. All mosaics, sculptures and furniture that make up the church were brought by ship from Italy.

Postais do Brasil
BR-509403, sent by Giuliana.
Along with the usual saints and angels, the interior of the cathedral is decorated with stained glass windows, marble, sculpted Brazilian produce such as coffee branches, exotic fruits, and native animals. The cathedral sits upon a large crypt that has the tombs of all bishops and archbishops of São Paulo.

The crypt is located beneath the main altar and has the tombs of all bishops and archbishops of Sao Paulo and several important figures in Brazil’s history. - in: http://www.brazilmycountry.com/sao-paulo-attractions/sao-paulo-cathedral/