Saturday, September 5, 2009

Finnish unesco cards

I only had 1 of the 6 finnish unesco whs but now, thanks to Merja "kotona", i've 5. Only the Stuve Geodetic Arc is missing. We 1st tagged each other on a tag and then we agreed on a private. 

"Kvarken is the narrow region in the Gulf of Bothnia separating the Bothnian Bay (the inner part of the gulf) from the Bothnian Sea. The distance from Swedish mainland to Finnish mainland is around 80 km while the distance between the outmost islands is only 25 km. On the Finnish side of Kvarken, there is a large archipelago. Most of the small islands are inhabited.
The Kvarken region was historically important also, because mail was delivered across Kvarken when the sea was completely frozen from the Swedish to the Finnish coast. This mail route was used frequently during the period of Swedish rule.
In 2006, the Kvarken Archipelago was added as an extension to the World Heritage Site of the High Coast in Sweden, because it is "continuously rising from the sea in a process of rapid glacio-isostatic uplift, whereby the land, previously weighed down under the weight of a glacier, lifts at rates that are among the highest in the world. As a consequence of the advancing shoreline, islands appear and unite, peninsulas expand, lakes evolve from bays and develop into marshes and peat fens. This property is essentially a "type area" for research on isostasy; the phenomenon having been first recognized and studied here."
Most of the World Heritage Site is situated in the Korsholm municipality." - in: wikipedia

Old Rauma is the wooden city centre of the town of Rauma.
The area of Old Rauma is about 0.3m2, with approximately 600 buildings (counting proper houses and samller buildings like sheds) and about 800 people living in the area.
The town of Rauma expanded outside the Old Rauma only in the early 1800's. The oldest buildings date from the 18th century, as two fires of 1640 and 1682 destroyed the town.
Most of the buildings are currently inhabited and owned by private individuals, although along the two main streets and around the town square they are mainly in business use.

Sammallahdenmäki is a Bronze age burial site in Lappi minicipality. It was added on the unesco whs list in 1999. It includes 36 granite burial cairns date back from more than 3000 years, to 1500 to 500 BC. It was located on a hill in a remote area off the road between Tampere and Rauma.
Originally it was near the coast of the Golf of Bothnia, but the land has risen so it is now 15 kms from the sea. It is one of the most important Bronze age sites in Scandinavia.

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