The Orto Botanico di Padova is the world's oldest academic botanical garden that is still in its original location. It is located in Padua, Italy and was founded in 1545. The garden, affiliated with the University of Padua, currently covers roughly 22,000 square meters, and is known for its special collections and historical design.
Thursday, November 18, 2010
Padua's Botanical Garden
Yesterday i didn't receive any cards but today arrived 4, 3 of them new unesco sites. This one is from Italy and it was sent by Isabella "red.panda".
The Garden at Padova was founded upon deliberation of the Senate of the Venetian Republic. It was devoted to the growth of medicinal plants, the so-called "simple plants" which produced natural remedies, and also to help students distinguish legitimate medicinal plants from false ones.
A circular wall enclosure was built to protect the garden from the frequent night thefts which occurred in spite of severe penalties (fines, prison, exile). The Botanical Garden was steadily enriched with plants from all over the world, particularly from the countries that participated in trade with Venice. Consequently, Padua had a leading role in the introduction and study of many exotic plants, and a berbarium, a library and many laboratories were gradually added to its Botanical Garden.
At present, the Botanical Garden allows for intensive didactic activity as well as important research to be conducted on its grounds. It also cares for the preservation of many rare species. In 1997, it was listed by Unesco as a World Heritage Site on the following grounds: The Botanical Garden of Padua is the original of all botanical gardens throughout the world, and represents the birth of science, of scientific exchanges, and understanding of the relationship between nature and culture. It has made a profound contribution to the development of many modern scientific disciplines, notably botany, medicine, chemestry, ecology and pharmacy." - in: wikipedia