Tuesday, February 8, 2011

Australian Unesco cards

Phillipa "crankypants" was offering Unesco cards from Australia and i decided to trade with her twice. The first time she sent me the Tasmania card with the Port Arthur, one of the 11 Australian Convict Sites and the second time, a Parnululu National Park card.

Besides de Port Arthur, the card also shows the Dove Lake and Cradle Mountain and Wineglass Bay.
Port Arthur is a small town and former convict settlement on the Tasman Peninsula. Port Arthur is one of Australia's most significant heritage areas and the open air museum is officially Tasmania's top tourist attraction. It is located approximately 60 km south east of the state capital, Hobart.
"The Port Arthur penal settlement began life as a small timber station in 1830. Originally designed as a replacement for the recently closed timber camp at Birches Bay, Port Arthur quickly grew in importance within the penal system of the colonies.
The initial decade of settlement saw a penal station hacked from the bush, and the first manufactories - such as ship building, shoemaking, smithing, timber and brick making - established. The 1840s witnessed a consolidation of the industrial and penal nature of the settlement as the convict population reached over 1100. In 1842 a huge flour mill and granary (later the penitentiary) was begun, as well as the construction of a hospital.
1848 saw the first stone laid for the Separate Prison, the completion of which brought about a shift in punishment philosophy from physical to mental subjugation. Port Arthur also expanded geographically as the convicts pushed further into the encircling hills to extract the valuable timber." - in: http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?base=2559

"Bungle Bungle Range is the landform that is the major component of the Purnululu National Park in Western Australia - it is often used as a direct synonym for the national park area.
The distinctive beehive-shaped towers are made up of sandstones and conglomerates (rocks composed mainly of pebbles and boulders and cemented together by finer material). These sedimentary formations were deposited into the Ord Basin 375 to 350 million years ago, when active faults were altering the landscape. The combined effects of wind from the Tanani Desert and rainfall over millions of years shaped the domes.
Purnululu is the name given to the sandstone area of the Bungle Bungle Range by the kija Aboriginal people.
Purnululu National Park was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987. " - in:

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